Second grade standards: social studies

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Second Grade Standards - Social Studies 

These are from the Washington State Learning Standards


The student understands and applies knowledge of government, law, politics, and the nation’s fundamental documents to make decisions about local, national, and international issues and to demonstrate thoughtful, participatory citizenship.

  • (1.1) Understands key ideals and principles of the United States, including those in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other fundamental documents.
    • (1.1.1) Understands the key ideal of public or common good within the context of the community.
    • (1.1.2) Applies the key ideal of the public or common good to uphold rights and responsibilities within the context of the community.
  • (1.2) Understands the purposes, organization, and function of governments, laws, and political systems.
    • (1.2.1) Understands the basic organization of government in the community.
    • (1.2.2) Understands the basic function of government and laws in the community.
  • (1.4) Understands civic involvement.
    • (1.4.1) Understands that citizenship and civic involvement in the neighborhood and community are the rights and responsibilities of individuals.


The student applies understanding of economic concepts and systems to analyze decision-making and the interactions between individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies.

  • (2.1) Understands that people have to make choices between wants and needs and evaluate the outcomes of those choices.
    • (2.1.1) Understands that members of the community make choices among products and services that have costs and benefits.
  • (2.2) Understands how economic systems function.
    • (2.2.1) Understands the basic elements of a community’s economic system, including producers, distributors, and consumers of goods and services.


The student uses a spatial perspective to make reasoned decisions by applying the concepts of location, region, and movement and demonstrating knowledge of how geographic features and human cultures impact environments.

  • (3.1) Understands the physical characteristics, cultural characteristics, and location of places, regions, and spatial patterns on the Earth’s surface.
    • (3.1.1) Understands and applies basic mapping elements such as symbols, compass rose, labels, and a key to read and construct maps that display information about neighborhoods or local communities.
    • (3.1.2) Understands the physical characteristics of places in the community.
  • (3.2) Understands human interaction with the environment.
    • (3.2.1) Understands that people in communities affect the environment as they meet their needs and wants.


The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes of local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.

  • (4.1) Understands historical chronology.
    • (4.1.1) Understands and creates timelines for events in a community to show how the present is connected to the past.
  • (4.2) Understands and analyzes causal factors that have shaped major events in history.
    • (4.2.1) Understands individuals who have shaped history in the local community.

Social Studies Skills

 The student understands and applies reasoning skills to conduct research, deliberate, and form and evaluate positions through the processes of reading, writing, and communicating.

  • (5.1) Uses critical reasoning skills to analyze and evaluate positions.
    • (5.1.1) Understands multiple points of view on issues in the community.
  • (5.2) Deliberates public issues.
    • (5.2.1) Engages in discussions to learn about different points of view on issues.